1.Western Himalayan Region: Western Himalayan Region covers Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and the hill region of Uttarakhand. The valley floors grow rice, while the hilly tracts grow maize in the kharif season. Winter crops are barley, oats and wheat. The region supports horticulture, especially apple orchards and other temperate fruits such as peaches, apricot, pears, cherry, almond, litchis, walnut, etc. Saffron is grown in this region.
Major Crops: Saffron, Maize, Barley, Oats and wheat, Peaches, Apricot, Pears, Cherry, Almond, Litchis, Walnut
2. Eastern Himalayan Region:
The Eastern Himalayan Region includes Arunachal Pradesh, the hills of Assam, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Darjeeling. The topography is rugged. Temperature variation is between 25°C and 30°C in july and between 10°C and 20°C in January. Average rainfall is between 200-400cm.
Major crops: Rice, Maize, Potato and tea, Pineapple, litchi, oranges and lime
3. Lower Gangetic Plain Region:
West Bengal (except the hilly areas), eastern bihar and the Bhramaputra valley lie in this region. Average annual rainfall lies in between 100cm-200cm. Temperature in July varies from 26°C to 41°C and for January from 9°C to 24°C. The region has adequate storage of ground water with high water table.
Major crops: Rice, Jute, Maize, Potato and pulses
4. Middle Gangetic Plain Region:
The Middle Gangetic Plain includes large part of Uttar Pradesh and bihar. The average temperature in July varies from 26°C to 41°C and that of January 9°C to 24°C average annual rainfall is between 100cm to 200cm.
Major crops: Rice, Maize, Millets, Wheat, Gram, Barley, Peas, Mustard
5. Upper Gangetic Plain Region:
In the Upper Gangetic Plain Region come the central and western parts of Uttar Pradesh and the Haridwar and Udham Nagar district of Uttarakhand. The Climate is continental with temperature in July varies from 26°C to 41°C and that of January 7°C to 23°C average annual rainfall is between 75cm to 150cm.
Major Crops: Wheat, rice, sugarcane, millets, maize, gram, barley, oilseeds, pulses and cotton
6. Trans-Ganga Plains Region:
This region extends over Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi and has modern methods of farming with greater degree of mechanization.
Major Crops: Wheat, Sugarcane, cotton, Rice, Gram, Maize, Millets, Pulses and oilseeds
7. Eastern Plateau and Hills:
This region includes the chhotanagpur plateau, extending over Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh and Dandakaranya. The region enjoys 26°C to 34°C and that of January 10°C to 27°C average annual rainfall is between 80cm to 150cm. Soils are red and yellow with occasional patches of laterites and alluviums.
Major Crops: Rice, Millets, Maize, Oilseeds, Ragi, Gram, Potato, tur, Groundnut, Soyabean, Urad, Castor
8. Central Plateau and Hills:
The region is spread over Bundhelkhand, Baghelkhand, Bhander Plateau, Malwa Plateau and Vindhyachal Hills. Semi- arid climate conditions prevail over the region with temperature in July 26°C to 40°C and that of January 7°C to 24°C average annual rainfall is between 50cm to 100cm. Soils are mixed red, yellow and black.
Major Crops: Millets, Gram, Oilseeds, Cotton and Sunflower
9. Western Plateau and Hills:
Comprising Southern part of Malwa Hills and Deccan Plateau, this is a region of regur soil with July temperature 24°C to 41°C and that of January 6°C to 23°C average annual rainfall is between 25cm to 75cm.
Major Crops: Millets, Gram, Oilseeds, Cotton, Wheat, Pulses, Groundnut, Sugarcane, Rice, Oranges, Grapes and Bananas
10. Southern Plateau and Hills:
Includes part of Maharashtra, the grater part of Karnataka, Andra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu uplands from Adilabad District in the north to Madurai districts in the south. July temperature 25°C to 40°C and that of January 10°C to 20°C average annual rainfall is between 50cm to 100cm.
Some of the area under coarse cereals may be diverted to pulses and oilseed, Horticulture dairy development and poultry farming should be encouraged.
Major Crops: Millets, Oilseeds, Coffee, tea, cardamom and Spices.
11. Eastern Coastal Plains and Hills:
In this region are the Coromandal and Northern Circar coasts of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. The mean July temperature 25°C to 35°C and that of January 20°C to 30°C average annual rainfall is between 75cm to 150cm.
major Crops: Rice, Jute, Tobacco, Maize, Millets, Groundnut and Oilseeds
12. Weatern Coastal Plains and Ghats:
Extending over the Malabar and Konkan coastal plains and the sahyadris, the region is humid with the mean July temperature 25°C to 30°C and that of January 18°C to 30°C average annual rainfall is more than 200cm.
Major Crops: Millets, Oilseeds, Cotton, Pulses, Sugarcane, Rice and Coconut
13. Gujarat Plains and Hills:
This region Includes the Plains and Hills of Kathiawar, and the fertile valleys of Mahi and Sabarmati rivers. It is an arid and semi-arid region with the mean July temp. reading 30°C and that of January about 25°C, average annual rainfall is between 50cm to 100cm.
Major Crops: Groundnut, Cotton, Rice, Millets, Oilseeds, Wheat and Tobacco
14. Western Dry Region:
Extending over Rajasthan, West of the Aravallis, this region has an erratic rainfall of and annual average of less than 25cm, The desert climate further causes high evaporation and contrasting temp- 28°C to 45°C in June and 5°C to 22°C in January
Major Crops: Bajra, Jowar, Moth, Wheat and Gram
14. Island Region:
The Island includes Andaman- Nicobar and Lakhashdeep which have typically equatorial climate less than 300cm, the mean July and January temp. of Port Blair being 30°C and 25°C. The soils vary from sandy and the coast to clayey loam in valleys and lower slopes
Major Crops: Rice, Maize, Millets, Pulses, Arecanut, Turmeric and cassava